The US Department of Defense. USA It has determined that the top 20 Chinese companies, including Huawei, are owned or backed by the Chinese military.
The list, seen by the US media, features video surveillance firm Hikvision, China Telecoms, China Mobile and AVIC.
The determination could lay the groundwork for new U.S. financial sanctions against the companies.
It occurs when the United States has pressured other countries, including the United Kingdom, to ban Huawei for national security reasons.
The White House and Huawei have been contacted by the BBC for comment.
Under US law. The US Department of Defense must track companies “owned or controlled” by the Chinese People’s Liberation Army that are active in the US. USA
The Pentagon has been under pressure in recent months by lawmakers from Democratic and Republican parties to publish and update the list.
Senator-Urged Policy Reviews
In November, U.S. Senators Tom Cotton and Chuck Schumer wrote a letter to Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, requesting an update on the reviews of U.S. policy that are mandated by the 2018 Export Control Reform Act and the Authorization Act. of National Defense of 2019.
In the letter, the senators emphasized their concerns about the danger of exporting critical US technologies to companies with Chinese ties.
They also questioned why the Commerce Department had been slow to complete the export control reviews required by the two laws.
The senators emphasized that reviews should be conducted to assess whether the Chinese Communist Party had been stealing American technology with military applications, as well as whether it had been recruiting Chinese corporations to take advantage of emerging civil technologies for military purposes.
“What is the status of this review and implementation of the results? Will this review determine specific sectors of the US economy that the Chinese target for espionage and enforced technology transfer efforts? Will it change the scope of controls for military end uses and “End Users in China? Will the results of this review be made public?” wrote Mr. Cotton and Mr. Schumer.
“We urge you to complete these mandatory reviews as quickly and thoroughly as possible. Thank you for your time and attention to this important national security issue.”
The White House has already taken several measures against Huawei and other Chinese companies, including a ban on US companies selling certain technology to them without permission. The administration also said that its trade war with China, which resulted in tariffs worth billions of dollars, was a response to the theft of US trade secrets.
But he has faced calls from some in Washington to act more aggressively.
Huawei has contested the United States’ claims against it as “unsubstantiated allegations.”