Scientists have created a super white paint called Vantablake’s Yang to Yin.
Ultra black materials today can absorb more than .9999.66 percent sunlight, this new super white coat can reflect .5..5 percent of all the photons it strikes.
Instead of heating under direct light, items painted with this new acrylic material can stay even cooler than the ambient temperature below the sun, allowing a new energy-efficient way to control the temperature inside buildings.
Other “heat rejecting paints” that we currently have can only reflect 80 to 90 percent sunlight and cannot get the ambient temperature low.
“The following is an ongoing task of developing an ambient radiative cooling solution that provides a convenient single-layer particle-matrix paint form and high reliability,” says Xulin Ruan, a mechanical engineer at Purdue University in Indiana.
“This is important for the wide application of radiation cooling and to counteract the effects of global warming.”
During the summer, many modern buildings rely on air conditioning units that push heat from inside the building. In addition, more heat generated by the intense heat required to achieve cooling contributes to turning cities into “heat islands” and intensifying global warming.
Radiative cooling is a passive technology that reflects heat escaping from a building, but it is more difficult to achieve than radiant heat.
Since the 1970s, scientists have been trying to figure out how to reflect enough sunlight so passive cooling is more effective than active air conditioners.
Recently, some have even tried to put together ‘reverse solar panels’, which can capture some of the heat going out and convert it into energy radiation even at night.
But right now this is just a concept and it is not clear that such devices can really just work out of imitation.
Painting residential and commercial buildings in Super White may be a possible practical approach in the near future.
The new acrylic paint was created using high carbon concentration calcium carbonate fillers and a wide range of sizes, which can effectively disperse all wavelengths of the solar spectrum.
The paint matrix also has vibrational resonance peaks, which ensure that a high amount of heat is reflected from the outside – at a higher rate than other cooling paints can get.
During two days of field tests at different locations and in different weather conditions, the researchers tested the paint’s radioactive cooling abilities and found that it could scatter 95.5 percent of sunlight, with temperatures below 10 degrees Celsius at night and at least 1.7 degrees Celsius above the rest. At noon.
Compared to coated surfaces with the same thickness of commercial white paint, the inf objects covered in calcium carbonate paint maintain significantly lower temperatures in infrared footage.
In addition, the paint brushes and dries the same way, and is abrasion resistant, waterproof and can withstand outdoor weather for at least three weeks, although long tests are currently underway.
“Our paints are compatible with the production process of commercial paints, and the cost can be comparable or even lower,” says Ruan.
“The key is to ensure the reliability of the paint so that it fits into long-term outdoor applications.”
The authors say their paint has “the best radiation cooling performance reported”, although they acknowledge that while reviewing their results, another team published a paper arguing that the cooling paint should contain a high concentration of wide band gap particles. .
They suggest the inclusion of fluorocarbon-based polymers, which show high resistance to weather.
“Many traditional white paints, when engineered for durability, experience a decrease in solar reflection over time,” another recent paper explains.
“Materials such as fluoropolymer-based binders can extend reflection lifetime and therefore reduce year-round costs.”
Creating a single-layer paint that can reflect heat directly into space without the need for energy input would be a big win for climate crises, as cooling is usually powered by fossil fuels and has an overall impact on global warming.
The new paint still has some tests left, but patents have been filed. Name pending.
The study was published in Cell Reports Physical Science.