You may need a Covid vaccine passport to travel in 2021 – CBS Miami

Miami (CBS Miami / CNN) – For people to travel in 2021, they may eventually need a Covid vaccine passport.

Some companies and technology groups have begun developing smartphone applications or systems for individuals to upload details of their COVID-19 tests and vaccinations, creating digital credentials that can be displayed at concert venues, stadiums, movie theaters, office fees or even to enter countries. .

C Trust has partnered with a number of airlines, including the Geneva-based nonprofit The Conscience Project and the initiative of the World Economic Forum, Cathay Pacific, JetBlue, Lufthansa, Swiss Airlines, United Airlines and Virgin Atlantic, as well as hundreds of health systems. In the government of the United States and Aruba.

The CommonPass application created by the group allows users to upload medical data such as COVID-19 test results or, finally, proof of vaccination by a hospital or medical professional, generate a health certificate or pass in the form of a QR code. Sensitive information can be shown to officials without disclosing. For travel, the app lists health pass requirements at the departure and arrival stages based on your trip.

“You can be tested whenever you cross the border. You will not be vaccinated every time you cross the border. Thomas Kramp, chief marketing and communications officer for The Conscious Project, told CNN Business. He emphasized the need for a simple and easily transferable set of credentials or “digital yellow cards” referring to paper documents issued as general and vaccination evidence.

The CommonPass application allows users to upload medical data such as the Covid-19 test result or, finally, proof of vaccination by a hospital or medical professional, generate a health certificate or show a pass in the form of a QR code. Officers without disclosing sensitive information. (Credit: Commonpass)

Big tech companies are also moving into this act. IBM has developed its own application, called Digital Health Pass, which allows companies and locations to customize the indicators they need for access, including coronavirus tests, temperature checks and vaccination records. Credentials corresponding to those indicators are then stored in the mobile wallet.

In an effort to overcome the challenge of returning to normal after a vaccine has been widely distributed, developers may now face other challenges, ranging from privacy issues to the introduction of a variety of vaccines. But, a very difficult challenge can only be avoided by the ambiguous implementation and mixed success of Tech’s previous attempt to address the public health crisis: contact tracing applications.

Early in the epidemic, Apple Pal and Google put together their smartphone competition to develop a Bluetooth-based system if users were informed that they were in contact with COVID-19. Many countries and state governments around the world also developed and used their own applications.

“I think where exposure notification participates in some of the challenges was partial implementation choices, lack of federal leadership … where each state had to go alone and so each state had to exit independently,” Jenny Wenger said. The Linux Foundation is an exposure notice initiative for public health, a tech-focused organization that helps health care workers fight COVD-19 worldwide.

To promote better integration this time around, the Linux Foundation has partnered with the COVID-19 Identity Initiative, a group of more than 300 people representing dozens of organizations across five continents, and is also working with IBM and CommonPass to help develop a set of universal standards. . For vaccine credential applications.

“If we are successful, you should be able to say: I got a vaccine certificate on my phone, when I was vaccinated in a country, a whole set of its own health management methods. Use to go on a plane to a completely different country and then I introduced the vaccination credentials in that new country so that I could go to the party that was taking place inside the house for which attendance was limited which showed that they had been vaccinated. Said Brian Behlandorf, executive director of the Linux Foundation.

He said, “It should be interoperable in the same way that email is interoperable, just as the web is interoperable.” “Right now, we’re in a position where there are some dynamic parts that bring us closer to it, but I think everyone in the industry has a sincere commitment.”

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Part of ensuring widespread use of the vaccine passport is accounting for a large subset of the global population that still does not use or use a smartphone. Some of the COVID-19 credential initiative companies are also developing a smart card that stores between traditional paper vaccine certificates and the online version that is easy to store and reproduce.

“It simply came to our notice then [about] How digital IDs can be stored can be introduced not only through smartphones, but also in other ways for people who do not have stable internet access, and also for those who do not have a smartphone, said Lucy Yang, co-leader. COVID-19 credential initiative. “We’re investigating, and there are companies that are doing really promising work.

Once they create a vaccine passport, companies have to make sure people are comfortable using it. That means dealing with concerns about the management of private medical information.

CommonPass, IBM and the Linux Foundation have emphasized privacy as central to their initiatives. IBM says it allows users to control and consent to the use of their health data and allows officials to choose the level of detail they want to provide.

“Confidence and transparency remain paramount when developing platforms such as Digital Health Passport or any solution that handles sensitive personal information,” the company said in a blog post. “Putting confidentiality first is an important priority in managing and analyzing data in response to these critical times.”

IBM’s Digital Health Pass application creates a vaccine online vaccine credentials that can be stored in a mobile wallet. (Credit: IBM)

With vaccines manufactured by multiple companies in different countries at different stages of development, there are many variables that passport manufacturers have to account for.

“The point of entry – then whether it’s a border or a place – wants to know, have you got the Pfizer vaccine, have you got the Russian vaccine, have you got the Chinese vaccine so they can make a decision?” According to Krampton. Variations can be wide: for example, a vaccine developed by the Chinese state-owned pharmaceutical giant Synopharm has an 86% efficacy against COVID-19, while a vaccine manufactured by Pfizer and Moderna has an efficacy of about 95%.

An infectious disease specialist at Stanford University, Dr. It is also unclear how effective the vaccine is in preventing viral infections, says Julie Parsnett. So while the Vaccine Passport app will show that you got the shot, it does not guarantee that you will be safely present at an event or go on a flight.

“We don’t know yet if vaccinated people can transmit the infection,” he told CNN Business. “We will not know whether ‘passports’ will be effective until it is clear.”

Nevertheless, Behlendorf expects the vaccine to be rolled out and adopted, rather than a one-size-fits-all approach, and to be “widely available” with each other in the first half of 2021.

“Sure, the disappointments are on him,” he said.

(20 2020 CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved. Cable News Network, Inc. A Time Warner Company, contributes to this report.)