To meet its targets, the British government wants to increase defense spending by billion 24 billion (.333.3 billion) over the next four years, to a whopping 42 42.2 billion in 2019-2020.
The government has pledged 15 billion in research and development for science and technology, more than 17 17 billion to fight climate change and promote biodiversity, as well as billions of pounds in other areas, including the 13 13 billion Coro virus.
This document is from the UK. It considers the UK’s defense and economic partnership to be one of the most important in the world, and makes a strong commitment to the NATO alliance but promises to expand Britain’s role around the world by recognizing the India-Pacific tilt over the next decade. .
From that area it calls for challenges posed by China.
Calling Beijing the biggest threat to the UK’s economic security, the review said “China’s growing power and international status is the most important geopolitical factor of 2020.”
Speaking in parliament after the report was made public, Johnson criticized China for its mass detention of Uighurs in Xinjiang province and its treatment of pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong, but said London must work with Beijing to resolve global issues.
“There is no question that China will pose a major challenge to an open society like ours, but we also work with China where it is aligned with our values and interests, including building a strong and positive economic relationship and addressing climate change.” Said Johns.
The 116-page report, entitled “Global Britain in a Competitive Era”, contained some of the most significant criticisms of Russia.
“Russia will be the most acute direct threat to the UK,” he says at one point.
“Russia is the most serious threat in the region and we will work with NATO allies to ensure a united Western response by combining military, intelligence and diplomatic efforts,” he says in another, “pledging to work within the alliance to prevent nuclear, conventional.” And the threats of hybrids to our security, especially from Russia. “
As part of its ambitious strategy, the UK will increase the number of its nuclear weapons to 260, a significant increase from the previously announced target of 180.
The Royal Navy will maintain four nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines from which it will launch military launches, ensuring at least one submarine is on duty at all times.
The submarine fleet will receive new ships in the early 2030s, with the first delivery of the Dreadnought class, replacing the Vanguard-class subs, which have been in service since the early 1990s, the report said.
The document also reaffirms Britain’s nuclear commitment to NATO, saying the force could be committed to defending its European allies as well as the UK.
“Global Britain, not a reflection of old responsibilities, is less of a proud gesture, but a need for the safety and prosperity of the British people in the coming decades. And I am confident that the UK will join our friends to ensure that free societies develop after the epidemic.” , Sharing the risks and burdens of the world’s most difficult problems, ”Jones said.
“Britain will remain unwaveringly committed to NATO and maintain peace and security in Europe, and with this secure base we will find friends and partners wherever we meet, build a bond of openness and innovation and engage more deeply in the Indo-Pacific.
Moving forward with the “Global Britain” theme, more UK troops will be deployed overseas, the report said, highlighting the deployment of the aircraft carrier HMS Queen Elizabeth Strike later this year in the Mediterranean, Indian Ocean and underwater waters. . Asia-Pacific.
The deployment of the carrier strike group on the 20,000-mile voyage, and the exercises it will perform with allies and partners, demonstrate the UK’s commitment to the freedom of the sea.
Britain will also renew its foreign military installations in places such as Singapore, Oman, Kenya and Gibraltar.
The report also promises an expanded commitment to the UK’s operations in outer space. By this summer the British military will be creating a space command, ensuring that the armed forces have the capability to advance UK interests on earth and in space.
By next year, Britain plans to have the ability to launch commercial satellites into space from Scotland.
In the cyber sector, the report says the UK is the third strongest cyber power in the world. It will try to use the power in the new national cyber force that will be associated with terrorism and military forces.
“By strengthening our armed forces we will expand British influence while simultaneously creating jobs around the United Kingdom, strengthening the Union and maximizing our gains in science and technology.”
The Prime Minister concluded that “with additional investment and new capabilities of integrated review, I believe the UK can thrive in a more competitive world and fulfill our good historical mission as a force for good.”
Opposition parties have stated they will not run in the by-elections, but will do so in a bid to reduce the number of British troops in the country.
“This review is built on a weakened foundation over the last decade,” said Labor leader Kier Starr. “Our armed forces, our numbers have been reduced by 45,000 and the defense device plan still has a black hole of 17 crores.”
“The prime minister cannot avoid the question that every one of our armed forces and their families will ask today: will they further reduce the strength of our military and armed forces?”
Strict lines of documentation on Russia and China reflect recent government actions on those countries, he said.
“A review of Russia two months ago concluded that the threat was immediate and immediate. So why have its recommendations not been implemented?” Said Starmer.
And about China, he said, the new toughness is a decade late.
“Conservative governments have turned a blind eye to 10 years of human rights violations inviting China to help build our infrastructure. Now fundamental inconsistencies are meeting with them.”
Christopher Johnson of CNN contributed to this report.