Those risk factors include obesity, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, as well as air pollution, alcohol use and drug use, and a team from the Washington University Health Metrics and Assessment Institute (IHME), which is conducting the study.
“One of the most important messages of Global Burden D Disease 2019 is that over the past decade the world has done a poor job of reducing harmful risks and this is exacerbating the global disease crisis. With the clear exception of 19 – chronic diseases are on the rise, “said study co-worker Emanuela Gakido.
Gekidow said the biggest impact on health has been in large part in metabolic risk factors over the past decade. “Collectively, we estimate that metabolic risks account for 20% of total health damage worldwide in 2019.”
The study, conducted in close collaboration with the World Health Organization, involved more than 5,500 international researchers looking at people from 200 countries.
Christopher Murray, director of IHME, a leading researcher, said the problem arises during epidemics caused by conditions that lead to death due to prolonged disability.
“It turns out in the Covid era that many of these conditions are also things that increase the risk of Covid’s death. Therefore, that shift to disability is also a reversal of vulnerability,” he said at a news conference.
The United States ranks weak in many areas. The average life expectancy in 2019 was 78.9 years, compared to more than 81 years for high-income countries, according to a report published in the Lancet Medical Journal. U.S. since 2010 The lifespan of has not improved. This is due to a more than 16% increase in cardiovascular disease mortality.
But Murray said he’s not the only culprit.
“We look at the diseases that occur in the United States, where there is a slight increase in diabetes, even in terms of suicide – before covid – and a clear mental health condition, and a very large increase in drug use.” Drug-based deaths. And so, this combination has led to stagnation in recession and longevity improvement, ”he said.
In addition, the U.S. The under-5 mortality rate in is about%% higher than the average in other high-income countries and almost twice as high as in Australia. And in 2019, more than half of global overdose deaths occurred in the U.S.
Both Murray and Gakidow said the good news is that there is huge potential for improvement by reducing these health risks.
The other good news, Murray said, is that “more progress has been made than the worst countries in terms of health. And so it’s bridging the gaps between the bottom parts of countries. Growth, and top quintile.”
Dr. Richard Horton, editor-in-chief of The Lancet, said more needs to be done to improve the health of vulnerable people around the world, especially in light of the coronavirus.
“This means that when someone talks about how ready we were for Kovid-1 for, we need to talk not only about the preparation for the virus, but also about how healthy our population was to survive the effects of the virus.” Is. ”
Horton predicted that “the shadow of this episode is not only living for years to come, but for decades to come with the next pay generation.”