Health experts are concerned that the continent may be left behind and believe that Africa must act immediately to change the situation.
Currently, only South Africa on the continent participates in ongoing trials worldwide.
The country joins America, Asia and Europe in new trials to discover a vaccine.
South Africa is set to participate in its first clinical trial this week.
This occurs after the number of cases in Africa is more than 320,000.
While the mortality rate exceeded 8,600 deaths.
John Nkengasong, director of the African Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, hopes the continent can improve its position.
He said: “The absence of vaccine trials on this map [of Africa] it’s worrying “
“The African continent needs to act now and work together to play an important role in shaping the global vaccine agenda, or risk being pushed to the end of the line.”
Clinical trials have started in China, the United States, and several European countries, at different stages.
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South African Health Minister Zweli Mkhize explained at the meeting that the country had offered the route for African countries to participate.
Wits University in Johannesburg, together with the University of Oxford and the Oxford Jenner Institute, are working together on the South African vaccine trial.
The initial plan is to issue a vaccine to 2,000 volunteers ages 18 to 65.
Mkhize said: “We look forward to the successful conclusion of this. We have identified around 10 institutions that have 30 scientists who are going to participate in different types of trials,
“Let’s make sure we do these trials with communities and not with communities because imposing can have negative feelings. Communities should not be seen as subjects of a study. “
On Tuesday, Shabir Madhi, professor of vaccinology at Wits University and director of the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Analysis Research Unit of the South African Medical Research Council, suggested that it was “a historic moment for South Africa and Africa at this stage of the Covid-19 pandemic. “
He said, “As we enter winter in South Africa and the pressure on public hospitals increases, now more than ever we need a vaccine to prevent Covid-19 infection,
“We started evaluating the participants … last week and the first participants will be vaccinated this week.”
According to the director general of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Africa had led the world in the fewest number of coronavirus cases until last week.